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1
GAA Discussion / Fuball odds 2021
« on: June 09, 2021, 12:21:16 PM »
Via oddschecker

Dublin                8/11
Kerry               3/1
Mayo                12/1
Tyrone/Donegal         20/1
Gaillimh             22/1
Cork               50/1
Monaghan            66/1
Meath/Armagh            100/1
Kildare/Roscommon         150/1
Tipperary/Cavan          300/1
Westmeath/Down/Derry/Clare   500/1
Laois/Fermanagh         1000/1

2
GAA Discussion / GAA voluntary redundancies
« on: May 22, 2021, 07:56:10 AM »
https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/gaelic-games/gaa-offers-voluntary-redundancy-to-all-full-time-staff-1.4571911?mode=amp

The GAA have offered voluntary redundancies to all full-time staff. At a remote meeting on Friday, the association’s DG Tom Ryan addressed staff and in light of the financial difficulties of the past year proposed the cuts.

It applies to all centrally funded positions, which now includes nearly all county secretaries or CEOs. Staff were informed that the matter would be coming before the meeting of Management Committee later that evening.

The programme is at an early stage and there will be no compulsory redundancies plus all applications must be approved by the GAA’s HR department. There are believed to be the best part of 200 employees of the GAA at central level, including 140 directly in Croke Park and around 30 more, as full-time CEOs are also funded centrally.

It is also believed that the impact of Covid, which shut down the association for lengthy periods and prevented any gate receipts from being earned has created the necessity for this action.

A voluntary process will begin in the weeks ahead. There is no declared target number of redundancies but the programme is open to everyone, subject to approval.

There is concern within the GAA that the severance proposals, although inevitable, will hamper the association in the years to come.

In his annual report to last February’s congress, Ryan set out the financial challenges caused by the pandemic.

“Our success is not defined by financial performance, and nor should it be,” he said in his report about a year in which revenues fell by nearly 60 per cent from last year’s record €74 million and in which counties lost a cumulative €4 million.

“Nevertheless the past year has proved very damaging to the Association from a financial point of view, with the likelihood that the after effects will be felt for some years to come. The extent and nature of that damage is evident elsewhere in this report, but the topic bears reflecting upon here too.”

Government support was vital to the functioning of the association and totalled €28 million, including the €14 million granted to run the All-Ireland football and hurling championships.

“But the Association will flourish again long after this pandemic is over,” added Ryan, “and we need to maintain certain momentum in the meantime - albeit on a greatly reduced scale. With time, with the restoration of public health and the resumption of normality I have no doubt that we will recover.”


3
General discussion / Landlordism 2.0
« on: May 05, 2021, 08:47:32 AM »
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t8Myb8i13qY

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/investment-firms-buy-estate-of-112-new-houses-in-dublin-to-rent-out-1.4554949

Investment firms buy estate of 112 new houses in Dublin to rent out
Bay Meadows in Dublin 15 was purchased by Round Hill Capital and SFO Capital Partners

Harry McGee Political Correspondent

 
A global investment company has been involved in the acquisition of a new development of 112 houses in north Dublin in order to rent them out.

Round Hill Capital is the same company which also bought most of the houses in a Maynooth, Co Kildare, housing estate.

The company, together with SFO Capital Partners, has acquired Bay Meadows in Dublin 15, which it describes as “high-quality suburban family homes”.

On the website for the new estate, the companies who have acquired the estate say they are “proud to present Bay Meadows, a brand new first let development of 112 (single family) homes located in Hollystown, Dublin 15”.

The news of the acquisition of another housing estate for the rental market by Round Hill Capital comes after it emerged it acquired the majority of the 174 houses in a new estate in Maynooth.

Bay Meadows will comprise a mix of two-, three-, and four-bedroom homes. The first phase will be completed later this month, with the final phase completed in early 2022, according to the company.

Minister for Housing Darragh O’Brien said on Tuesday that he did not approve of investment funds purchasing almost entire new estates.

“Do investors have a role here, in housing in Ireland? Yes, they do as they do in most western European countries. But what I would say is that where funds are coming in and taking homes away from families, is a concern of mine.”

However, he warned about any move to ban investment ventures outright. Options included exploring a ban on block-buying new homes for the private rental market outside of city centre cores.

Apartments
The company has become a significant player in the Irish buy-to-rent property market in recent years. Before moving into house acquisition it had acquired (either by itself or in joint ventures) hundreds of apartments, and four developments tailored for student accommodation with a total of 1,200 bedrooms.

That included a €123 million deal to acquire 297 high-quality apartments at Blackwood Square in Northwood, Santry as well as acquisitions of student accommodation developments in the Liberties, Dublin 8; in Bandon Road in Cork; in Bridgefield, Santry; and in Curaheen Point, Co Cork.

In September 2019, The Irish Times reported that 12 two- and three-bed yellow-brick units at the housing development Bay Meadows had been sold off plans to private buyers at the Dublin 15 site, with prices from €289,500 for the two beds and from €330,000 for the three beds.

Opposition parties strongly criticised the sale on the basis it would reduce the stock for first-time buyers. Sinn Féin housing spokesman Eoin Ó Broin said “the problem is short-term, high-yield vulture funds incentivised by Government policy” .

Acquisition
However, a spokesman for Round Hill Capital said on Tuesday: “We are committed to investing in Ireland to increase the supply of quality homes available to rent, working alongside local developers and agents.”

The company said the acquisition was reflective of the wider growth of the private rental sector investment market in Ireland over the past three years.

Michael Bickford, founder and CEO at Round Hill Capital, said in a statement last week: “The counter-cyclical nature of the rental housing market means it is resilient to market cycles, as has been proven amid the economic uncertainties caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

“As such this transaction is yet further evidence of the strong appeal of the Irish build-to-rent sector for institutional capital, attracted by its resilient, long-term yields as well as the wider growth of the private rental sector investment market in Ireland over the past three years.

“We look forward to building on the first success of this venture to further expand our portfolio across Ireland.”

4
Hurling Discussion / Hurling championship 2021
« on: April 27, 2021, 09:24:05 AM »
Odds 6/5/21

Limerick   5/4
Galway    5/1
Tipp        11/2
KK          9/1
Cork       12/1
Deise      14/1
Clare       20/1
Wex        22/1
Dublin     50/1 
Laois   1000/1



https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/gaelic-games/hurling/liam-griffin-hopeful-wexford-are-getting-closer-to-the-heady-heights-of-1996-1.4548101

Liam Griffin hopeful Wexford are getting closer to the heady heights of 1996
Former Model County manager believes cynical fouling needs to be cracked down on

Seán Moran

 
Liam Griffin is in characteristically good form. He’s had a knee replacement operation and that is settling nicely.

“It’s like Ned Wheeler said to me when he got his hip done. He said it’s that good that although there’s nothing wrong with the other one, he’d get it done anyway!”

His Laochra Gael programme is the last one in the current series and he is aware of the timing for Wexford hurling: 26 years since the glorious summer of 1996 when the future was one of endless possibility - just two years shorter than the gap that team closed all the way back to 1968, which seemed like an eternity.

Did he think that it would be this long again?

“No, not in my wildest dreams did I think that. For me, I thought that after ‘96 we would kick on. Maybe it wasn’t realistic when you look back on it because we had some of the really good players who were already in their early 30s.

“So, we probably didn’t dwell on that an awful lot, or enough really, but it is disappointing. A son of mine, Rory, he actually wrote a study on Wexford hurling, and earlier this year he sent me it, ‘it won’t be long now till 28 years,’ - that’s all he put on it.”

He believes that prospects are better for Wexford now than in 1996 because the county is better geared towards player development. New county chair Micheál Martin has done a lot of work at Croke Park level to untangle the knots at underage levels nationally.

“So hopefully we are going to get up there. Hurling needs Wexford and I really believe that. And we need Offaly. We need everybody but hurling certainly needs Wexford.”

Unlikely
Is it possible that someone could emulate Griffin’s achievement by bringing a team from effectively nowhere to winning an All-Ireland?

“Unlikely I would say,” he replies. “We worked a lot on sports science. We went through the whole year without having a pulled muscle. We worked very carefully on what we tried to do because we were not Brian Cody and Kilkenny, we did not have the riches they have.

“We put in a good system. Everyone was fit and we did a whole list of things to see if we could bridge the gap. We wrote down things that we could do. Why couldn’t we be the fittest team in Ireland? Why couldn’t we be the best hookers and blockers in Ireland? Why couldn’t we do all the heavy lifting and workman-like team? Why couldn’t we be the most disciplined team in Ireland?

“We put a lot of effort into getting that right and we brought in a sports psychologist as well because I was trying to do that and obviously I am not a professional. We tried to give ourselves every chance but if you did that today you would be matched by other people who are doing exactly the same.”

The game has also changed, he says, “. . . possession has become paramount. A lot of the hurling is very good, I’m not saying it’s not - I wouldn’t have minded playing in this era myself - but the cynical fouling is an issue.

“It is not good enough because in 2019 the All-Ireland was 26 matches and the teams that won the most, fouled the most and that is just an underlying symptom of cynical fouling.

“The scrums, the rucks, ground hurling going out of the game - it’s evolved. Some of it is very good and some of it is not so good as a spectacle but overall the players are good, the skills are good. The absence of goals is an issue and takes a bit of excitement out of the game.

“Some of the shooting is spectacularly good, but having an extra man means a lot of loose play as well. You have loose men popping up in places, as happened in the All-Ireland final last year.”

Volunteers
He has plenty to say on other topical issues. An early backer of the Club Players’ Association, he is content that their work as a lobby group ‘to fix the fixtures’ is now done - with a little help from the pandemic.

“We were completely volunteers. We weren’t looking for anything except to get the fixtures fixed. That was it. But for Covid it wouldn’t have happened in my opinion. We would have written to every county board at one stage, every single county board to say this is what we’re trying to do. We never got a single reply. Not one. That was disappointing.

“There’s no triumphalism from anyone on our side. That’s it and we walked away when we said we would - when the fixtures were fixed.”

A successful hotelier and businessman, he is adamant that the GAA need to deploy their huge asset base to raise funds by borrowing.

“What I don’t want to see is that we’re trying very hard in Wexford to keep a very good structure at underage and letting coaches go when you could borrow money and do some sort of a deal on it. I think that would be to undermine the game when it’s already being undermined. You don’t do a double undermining - that’s not a great management policy!”

*Liam Griffin will feature in the sixth and final episode of the latest Laochra Gael series, on TG4 this Thursday at 9.30 pm.

5
General discussion / European Super League
« on: April 18, 2021, 08:03:00 PM »
Gary Neville

https://youtu.be/ZQdWSsbTUVo


https://www.ft.com/content/4cbef20a-7599-4580-82aa-2af383bd0f5a

Many of Europe’s wealthiest football clubs have agreed to join a breakaway “Super League” competition that would mark the biggest transformation of the game in decades. Up to 12 clubs have signed up to a plan, backed by $6bn in debt financing from JPMorgan, to launch a new tournament that would supersede the Champions League, currently the continent’s top annual club competition. According to people with knowledge of the discussions, those ready to join the breakaway contest include Spain’s Real Madrid and FC Barcelona; England’s Manchester United, Manchester City, Liverpool, Arsenal and Chelsea; and Italy’s Juventus, AC Milan and Inter Milan. These clubs either declined or did not respond to a request for comment.


The new league, according to documents seen by the Financial Times, would involve 20 clubs with 15 being “permanent members”, meaning they could not be relegated and would not need to qualify through strong performances in national league competitions.  The founder members would be granted between €100m-€350m each and would continue to play in their national competitions, such as England’s Premier League and Spain’s La Liga. With expected revenues of €4bn for the competition through media and sponsorship sales, clubs would receive a fixed payment of €264m a year. JPMorgan declined to comment. The clubs not yet signed up include France’s Paris Saint-Germain and Germany’s Bayern Munich, among the richest in Europe, according to people close to the discussions. A declaration about the Super League is designed to head off an alternative plan for a radical transformation of the Champions League, which is run by Uefa, European football'sgoverning body. 

6
General discussion / Ulster Bank closing in the RoI
« on: February 18, 2021, 09:40:46 AM »
https://www.irishtimes.com/business/financial-services/ulster-bank-set-to-exit-irish-market-after-more-than-160-years-1.4487912

The board of NatWest is set to decide on Thursday evening on a proposal to wind down Ulster Bank in the Republic after more than 160 years in the market, setting the stage for a likely break-up of the lender’s €20.5 billion loan book, according to sources.

7
GAA Discussion / Your favourite players
« on: January 22, 2021, 08:14:15 AM »
As many as you want

1. Your own county now
2. Your own county in the past
3. Other counties now
4. Other counties in the past

8
GAA Discussion / Football All stars 2020
« on: January 15, 2021, 10:04:03 AM »
https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/gaelic-games/gaelic-football/dublin-dominate-football-all-star-nominations-with-13-1.4458681

Dublin dominate football All Star nominations with 13
Brian Fenton, Ciaran Kilkenny and Cillian O’Connor on Footballer of the Year shortlist
about 3 hours ago
Ian O'Riordan

There is one less county represented than last year and another worthy 13 again for Dublin, with Cavan and Tipperary also taking a special share of nominations for the 2020 All Star football team.

Players from 10 counties are represented (one less than 2019), Dublin’s 13 nominations (the same as last year) among the 45-strong shortlist reflecting their record sixth successive All-Ireland win, with players nominated throughout every area of the pitch.

Sponsored by PwC and presented by the GAA in association with the Gaelic Players Association (GPA), beaten finalists Mayo are next with 12 contenders for the outright All Star team: it is intended that a televised presentation of the 2020 All Star awards will take place late next month, in line with Covid-19 restrictions.

After winning a first Ulster title since 1997, Cavan have been rewarded with seven nominations, including their inspirational goalkeeper Raymond Galligan, who helped seal the first round Ulster win over Monaghan, and also veteran midfielder Gearóid McKiernan. Cavan’s only previous All Star football winners were Ollie Brady (1978) and Dermot McCabe (1997).


Tipperary’s memorable march to a first Munster senior football title since 1935 is also reflected in four nominations for defenders Kevin Fahy and Bill Maher, with Colin O’Riordan among the midfield contenders and captain Conor Sweeney named among the forward contenders. Their last All Star in football was Michael Quinlivan in 2016.

Iain Corbett’s standout exploits for Limerick in their league and championship displays in 2020 is honoured with an inclusion among the 18 top defenders - a nomination for the county footballers for the first time since John Galvin in 2010. There are three nominations for Ulster finalists Donegal, two for Galway and with Armagh’s Aidan Forker, Cork midfielder Ian Maguire and Kerry attacker David Clifford also included.


Dublin’s Brian Fenton and Ciaran Kilkenny are joined by Mayo forward Cillian O’Connor in the shortlist for the Footballer of the Year Award, which will be chosen by their peers. For Fenton, the 2018 winner, it’s the chance to match Trevor Giles from Meath, the only other player to win the award twice (in 1996 and 1999), Fenton also in line to collect his fifth All Star. Last year’s footballer of the year Stephen Cluxton is in line to win his seventh award.


The vote for the Young Footballer of the Year Award will be an all-Mayo affair, with emerging stars Oisín Mullin (Kilmaine), Eoghan McLaughlin (Westport) and Tommy Conroy (the Neale) shortlisted.

9
Munster SHC 1/4 final (Doubles up as Allianz Hurling League Div 1 final)

Limerick v Clare 

Munster SHC semi-finals

Cork v Waterford

Tipperary v Limerick/Clare

Leinster SHC 1/4 final

Laois v Dublin

Leinster SHC semi-finals

Galway v Wexford

Laois/Dublin v Kilkenny


10
Australia

https://www.ft.com/content/73c4f0b6-d5c7-47c8-b91c-8e84343dfd85

Chinese companies are increasingly questioning whether or not they are welcome here,” says Warwick Smith, a former executive director of Macquarie Bank and politician. He warns that Canberra is coming under “more and more pressure” from Washington to choose the US over China and business is concerned that government’s actions are causing unnecessary damage to relations with Beijing.

But Beijing has suspended imports of beef from some Australian meat processors and last week slapped tariffs of up to 80 per cent on its barley imports. Far from rescuing Canberra from its difficulties, there is growing concern that Beijing may look to exploit the country’s vulnerability by targeting other important trade sectors. “If we’re going to go into the biggest debt we’ve had in our life and then simultaneously poke our biggest provider of income in the eye, it’s not necessarily the smartest thing you can do,” says Mr Stokes. “If Beijing's anger is not quelled it could have catastrophic consequences for the economy.”

Europe

https://www.ft.com/content/7d500105-4349-4721-b4f5-179de6a58f08

Although driven chiefly by a sense of great power rivalry with the US, much of the fallout during the coronavirus crisis has been in Europe. “They have started talking to us in a tone that they would have only used towards countries they considered small or weak,” said a German diplomat. Mareike Ohlberg, a scholar at the German Marshall Fund who specialises in Chinese influence campaigns in Europe, said: “In the past, towards us, they had stressed the long-term, the positive, the constructive. It is the first time that we are seeing destructive messaging on a large scale towards Europe

GOP

https://www.mcsally.senate.gov/news/videos/watch/mcsally-were-entering-a-new-cold-war-with-china



11
Any ideas?

12
GAA Discussion / Remembering the original Bloody Sunday
« on: November 20, 2019, 08:19:40 AM »
https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/gaelic-games/se%C3%A1n-moran-remembering-the-lives-lost-in-croke-park-99-years-ago-1.4088629

Seán Moran: Remembering the lives lost in Croke Park 99 years ago
Victims of Bloody Sunday were swept up by history but they were ordinary people at a match

 
This Thursday in Glasnevin, an important legacy issue for the GAA will literally be laid to rest. On what will be the 99th anniversary of Bloody Sunday, the last three unmarked graves in the cemetery of those who were killed by police and military in the Croke Park massacre will be replaced with commemorative headstones.

It is part of the ongoing Bloody Sunday Graves Project, largely inspired by Sunday Times journalist Michael Foley’s accomplished and haunting account of the atrocity, ‘The Bloodied Field’ published five years ago.

Next year the centenary of that fateful Dublin-Tipperary football challenge will be marked on the occasion of the second Test of the recently announced International Rules series between Ireland and Australia.

This is highly appropriate in one way – and not because the series has occasionally recreated the worst violence seen in Croke Park since 1920; it was a previous Test match four years ago that marked the 95th anniversary and 14 flames were lit on the Hill 16 terrace but more lastingly, the evening produced the seed of an idea that continues to grow this week.

In the programme for the 2015 Test, Michael Foley wrote about Bloody Sunday and GAA communications executive Cian Murphy was struck by the lines: “For all the years of outrage and anger, those killed in Croke Park were buried under decades of politics and historical debate and analysis, their names forgotten. Some still lie in unmarked graves”.

This passage inspired a profound reaction that has served as an ideal interim project between the 95th anniversary and next year’s centenary.

“There had been a selective amnesia even in the GAA,” says Murphy, “about the victims. History books record what happened and the bare numbers – 14 people were killed – but we have set out to remember them as people and not statistics.”


This has been a very significant undertaking. For a long time, Bloody Sunday played a very specific role in the GAA’s mythologising of itself as a major contributor to the struggle for independence.

For example the late Breandán MacLua, who would found the Irish Post newspaper in London, fluently articulated this perspective in Peter Lennon’s fascinating 1967 black-and-white – literally and metaphorically – polemic, ‘The Rocky Road to Dublin’.

The reservoir
MacLua, then the association’s executive officer, was identified only as the ‘assistant secretary of the GAA’ in the film.

Jerome O’Leary, from Blessington Street and at 10 the youngest victim on the day, was shot in the head as he sat on top of the wall at the Canal End
“The Gaelic Athletic Association is of course,” he argued, “something much wider than a sports organisation. It was founded for the purpose of utilising sport to inject manhood and nationalism into Irish manhood at a period when the spirit of the Irish people was very low and very weak after the famine and centuries of persecution.

“All the movements which have led to the establishment of the State, which we have, have drawn their members – be they fighting members or active political members – from the ranks of the Gaelic Athletic Association and as such it has been the reservoir of Irish manhood, who have played their part in the evolution of the State.”

Part of that evolution was the GAA’s own blood sacrifice on Bloody Sunday. This was chiefly memorialised in the person of the most famous victim, Tipperary’s Mick Hogan, the only player to be killed and after whom the Hogan Stand was named.

The others remained strictly a supporting cast. Of the 14 who died, seven lay in unmarked graves until four years ago and these have been meticulously addressed.

Starting with Jane Boyle – a 26-year-old shop manager from Dublin who had been due to be married the following week to Daniel Byron and who was buried in her wedding dress – all have been commemorated.

Obviously the work has been done in conjunction with any remaining family descendants, says Murphy.

“We simply say to the families we have identified: we are here and prepared to be of assistance if you’d like this work done. We are conscious that whereas they are part of our history and the wider GAA family, they primarily belong to their own families.”

Jerome O’Leary, from Blessington Street and at 10 the youngest victim on the day, was shot in the head as he sat on top of the wall at the Canal End.

Michael Feery, a 44-year-old unemployed veteran of the first World War from Gardiner Place, bled to death having impaled his leg on a spike while trying to escape over a wall from the shooting. He would spend four days in the Jervis Street morgue before being identified.

Institutional remorse
Patrick O’Dowd, 57, a labourer from Buckingham Street, having scaled the wall between Croke Park and the Belvedere College rugby grounds, stopped to assist another man in his climb but as soon as he had helped him drop to the other side was shot dead.

With the centenary in sight, it is timely that the GAA’s focus on Bloody Sunday has switched away from the blood sacrifice for the cause of freedom and onto the human cost
All three will be remembered on Thursday.

There might be institutional remorse in that the GAA could have called off the match. The association’s late official historian Marcus de Búrca in an address to mark the 85th anniversary in 2005 expressed himself “amazed” that it had been allowed to go ahead given the widespread policy of reprisal.


But the GAA had always emphasised its distance from the military campaign for independence and Luke O’Toole, then general secretary, was believed to have felt any cancellation because of the killing of British agents that morning would have suggested complicity.

With the centenary in sight, it is timely that the GAA’s focus on Bloody Sunday has switched away from the blood sacrifice for the cause of freedom and onto the human cost. That day had a seismic impact on how history unfolded but it also came at a terrible cost to families and individuals – 14 people who went out to see a football match and never came home.

Cian Murphy mentions Michael Foley’s quoting of 1986 Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Nazi death camp survivor, Elie Wiesel: “To forget the dead would be akin to killing them a second time.”

Killed at Croke Park on Bloody Sunday: Jane Boyle (26), James Burke (44), Daniel Carroll (30), Michael Feery (40), Mick Hogan (24), Tom Hogan (19), James Matthews (48), Patrick O’Dowd (57), Jerome O’Leary (10), William Robinson (11), Tom Ryan (27), John William Scott (14), James Teehan (26), Joe Traynor (21).


13
GAA Discussion / Dublin over the next few years
« on: November 07, 2019, 02:56:14 PM »
Are they likely to win 6-7-8 and draw more and more criticism ?
Or would they throw 2020 and start the clock again in 2021 with no hassle ?

14
General discussion / Solutions for climate change
« on: September 26, 2019, 04:30:39 PM »
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/09/26/trees-could-replace-air-con-buildings-around-trees-cooler-study/

Trees should be used to replace air conditioning, a new study by the Forestry Commission has said.
The research, supported by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, showed that areas with many trees were as much as 4 degrees cooler as places in the same city without vegetation.
By following the guidelines and advice published including selecting trees which are best for cooling, and planting them near offices, the researchers found that air conditioning could be reduced in cities by up to 13 per cent, saving £22million a year and reducing the city's carbon footprint.
They pointed to the hot summer of 2018 and argued that residents in cities could have greater comfort during heatwaves if more trees are planted in towns and cities. The Met Office recently predicted that the UK could experience four heatwaves over 30 degrees by 2050.
Scientists found that larger trees with a greater amount of leaf area, dense crowns and high transpiration rates are the best at local cooling.
Research by the University of Reading found that some of the best trees for local cooling in London were the London Plane tree, the Sessile Oak and the Cherry Tree.
These trees should be planted, they said, in an area which means people can walk or  sit under them and benefit from the shade, and additional foliage should be planted in a way which shades homes and buildings from the sun.
Trees help areas cool through a process called evapotranspiration, which is where water produced during respiration evaporates from the leaves of trees, cooling the air.
The Forestry Commission said: "In collaboration with Ricardo Energy & Environment and Uppsala University, Sweden, we have identified which tree characteristics are linked to the greatest cooling and have proposed a methodology that can be used by urban planners and tree managers to compare and select tree species according to their cooling ability.
"With the University of Reading, we have published information on the evaporative cooling provided by urban forests. Using a mathematical model, we explain that air-conditioning unit energy consumption may fall by up to 13 per cent in Inner London due to the evapotranspiration provided by its trees and that this benefit may lead to annual savings of up to £22 million."
The trees selected, they said, should also be drought tolerant as they will be planted in hot and dry areas in inner cities.
The Forestry Commission in Edinburgh contributed to the research,  and found that between 2011 and 2014, air temperatures around Kensington Gardens, were measured finding a cooling of up to 4°C when compared to streets nearby with less vegetation

15
Hurling Discussion / All Stars
« on: September 26, 2019, 08:49:23 AM »
All star nominations

https://www.irishtimes.com/sport/gaelic-games/hurling/champions-tipperary-have-11-names-on-all-star-shortlist-1.4030404

All Star hurling nominations 2019

Goalkeepers

1.         Eoin Murphy (Kilkenny)

2.         Enda Rowland (Laois)

3.         Brian Hogan (Tipperary)

Defenders

1.         Chris Crummey (Dublin)

2.         Eoghan O’Donnell (Dublin)

3.         Paddy Deegan (Kilkenny)

4.         Pádraig Walsh (Kilkenny)

5.         Huw Lawlor (Kilkenny)

6.         Conor Fogarty (Kilkenny)

7.         Jack Kelly (Laois)

8.         Seán Finn (Limerick)

9.         Mike Casey (Limerick)

10.       Richie English (Limerick)

11.       Pádraic Maher (Tipperary)

12.       Ronan Maher (Tipperary)

13.       Cathal Barrett (Tipperary)

14.       Brendan Maher (Tipperary)

15.       Barry Heffernan (Tipperary)

16.       Matthew O’Hanlon (Wexford)

17.       Paudie Foley (Wexford)

18.       Liam Ryan (Wexford)

Midfielders

1.         Cathal Mannion (Galway)

2.         Cian Lynch (Limerick)

3.         William O’Donoghue (Limerick)

4.         Noel McGrath (Tipperary)

5.         Diarmuid O’Keeffe (Wexford)

6.         Kevin Foley (Wexford)

Forwards

1.         Alan Cadogan (Cork)

2.         Patrick Horgan (Cork)

3.         Conor Whelan (Galway)

4.         TJ Reid (Kilkenny)

5.         Adrian Mullen (Kilkenny)

6.         John Donnelly (Kilkenny)

7.         Colin Fennelly (Kilkenny)

8.         Kyle Hayes (Limerick)

9.         Peter Casey (Limerick)

10.       Aaron Gillane (Limerick)

11.       Graeme Mulcahy (Limerick)

12.       John O’Dwyer (Tipperary)

13.       Jason Forde (Tipperary)

14.       Séamus Callanan (Tipperary)

15.       John McGrath (Tipperary)

16.       Rory O’Connor (Wexford)

17.       Lee Chin (Wexford)

18.       Conor McDonald (Wexford)

Player Of the Year Nominees

1.         Patrick Horgan (Cork)

2.         TJ Reid (Kilkenny)

3.         Séamus Callanan (Tipperary)

Young Player of the Year Nominees

1.         Adrian Mullen (Kilkenny)

2.         Kyle Hayes (Limerick)

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